Sunan Al-Fitrah (Practices dictated by Man’s Pure Nature)
What Does the Phrase Sunan
Islam encourages Muslims to maintain the best outward appearance possible. .
Sunan Al-Fitrahr efers to a set of hygienic or cosmetic practices enjoined by Islam that is consistent with the pure nature in which Allah has created mankind and which serves to enhance their appearance and perfect it, making Muslims combine both inward and outward perfection.
The prophet ﷺ said, “The customs of nature (sunan al-fitrah) are five: circumcision, removing the pubic hair, trimming the moustache, clipping the nails and plucking the underarm hair.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 5552; Saheeh Muslim: 257)
Circumcision is the act of removing the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of the penis. This generally takes place in the early days after the birth of a baby boy.
It is a recommended act and one of the ‘customs of nature’ with regard to men. It also has numerous health benefits but is not a precondition for embracing Islam. One, however, would not be sinful if he does not get circumcised out of fear or for any other reason.
Removing the coarse hair that grows in the pubic area, the lower part of the abdomen just above the external genital organs, contributes to better hygiene and can be carried out by using any means that would serve the purpose.
Trimming the moustache: Keeping a moustache is permissible but not recommended; however, if a Muslim chooses to keep it, he must regularly trim it.
Letting the beard grow: Islam urges men to grow a beard, the hair that grows on the chin and cheeks of a man’s face.
Letting the beard grow means not to shave it, in accordance with the Prophet’s teachings.
Clipping the nails: A Muslim is required to clip his nails regularly in order to remove pathogenic organisms, dirt and debris that generally get underneath fingernails.
Plucking underarm hair: A Muslim is required to remove his underarm hair by plucking it or by using any other means to serve the purpose in order to keep bad odours away.