The Call to Prayer (Adhaan)

The Call to Prayer (Adhaan)

The adhaanis one of the most meritorious acts in the sight of Allah I.

The adhaan serves the purpose of calling people to prayer and signalling the beginning of the time of an obligatory prayer. Another call, called the iqaamah, serves the purpose of summoning Muslims to line up for the beginning of the obligatory prayers. Muslims used to meet up and seek to know the time of prayer, but no one summoned them. One day they were discussing how to gather everyone for prayer.

Some suggested using a bell as the Christians do, and others recommended using a ram’s horn, following an ancient Jewish practice. Then ‛Umar ibn Al-Khattaab t, one of the Prophet’s companions, suggested appointin gsomeone to call people to prayer. The Prophet agreed, so he turned to Bilal t, and said, “Get up, Bilaal, and call the people to prayer.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 579; Saheeh Muslim: 377)

The Manner of Reciting the Adhaan and the Iqaamah

  • Both the adhaan and the iqaamah must be recited in the case of a group of people (congregation) but it is not the case with an individual. If a congregation intentionally leave it out, their prayer will still be valid but they will be considered sinners.
  • The adhaan ought to be recited in a nice and loud voice so people can hear it and come to the mosque and perform the congregational prayer.
  • The adhaan has different formulas, all approved by the prophet ﷺ. The following is the common formula:

The Iqaamah

  1. Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar “Allah is the greatest of all, Allah is the greatest of all”
  2. Ash hadu an laa ilaaha illallaah “ I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah”
  3. Ash hadu anna Muhammadan rasoolullaah “ I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”
  4. Hayya ‛alassalaah “Come to prayer”
  5. Hayya ‛alal-falaah“Come to success”
  6. Qad qaamat-issalaatu, qad qaamat-issalaah “ The prayer is about to begin, the prayer is about to begin”
  7. Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar “Allah is the greatest of all, Allah is the greatest of all”
  8. laa ilaaha illallaah “There is no God worthy of worship except Allah”

The Adhaan

  1. Allaahu akbar “Allah is the greatest of all” (four times)
  2. Ash hadu an laa ilaaha illallaah “ I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah” (twice)
  3. Ash hadu anna Muhammadan rasoolullaah “I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” (twice)
  4. Hayya ‛alassalaah “Come to prayer” (twice)
  5. Hayya ‛alal-falaah “Come to success” (twice)
  6. Allaahu akbar “Allah is the greatest of all” (twice)
  7. laa ilaaha illallaah “ There is no god worthy of worship except Allah” (once)

 Allah ﷻ rewards for every step one takes to the mosque.

Responding to the Adhaan

It is recommended, upon hearing each statement of the adhaan, to repeat after the mu’ath-thin (the caller to prayer) and say exactly as he says, except when he says Hayya ‛alassalaah “Come to prayer” or Hayya ‛alal-falaah “Come to success”, in which case one must say: Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah, which means “There is neither might nor power except with Allah”.

It is recommended to recite the following supplication after the adhaan: Allaahumma rabba haadhih-id-da‛wat-it-taammati, wassalaat-il-qaa’imati, aati Muhammadan-il-waseelata wal-fadeelata, wab‛athu maqaaman mahmoodan alladhee wa‛adtah (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and this established prayer, grant Muhammad the intercession and favour,and raise himto the Praiseworthy Station which You have promised him)