Madeenah is the city to which Prophet Muhammad ﷺ emigrated, leaving his native city of Makkah after he had suffered at the hands of polytheists there.
Upon reaching Madeenah, the Prophet ﷺ set about constructing his mosque which became a major centre of knowledge and served to call people to Islam and teach them its lofty principles.
It is highly recommended to visit the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah during the hajj season or any other time of the year.
It is worth noting, however, that visiting the Prophet’s Mosque has nothing to do with the hajj rituals and is not confined to any particular time.
The Prophet ﷺ said, “There are only three mosques to which you should embark on a journey: the Sacred Mosque [in Makkah], this mosque of mine [in Madeenah] and Al-Aqsaa Mosque [in Jerusalem].” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 1139; Saheeh Muslim: 1397; Sunan Abu Daawood: 2033)
He also said on a different occasion, “One prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers in any other mosque except in the Sacred Mosque [in Makkah].” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 1133; Saheeh Muslim: 1394)
Places in Madeenah that Are Worth Visiting
A Muslim who visits Madeenah must intend to visit the Prophet’s Mosque there and offer prayers in it. He may also visit other places including the following:
- The heart of the Prophet’s Mosque houses a very special but small area known as ar-Rawdah ash-Shareefah (Literally, ‘the noble garden’), which extends from the Prophet’s tomb, where one of his rooms used to be, to his pulpit. Offering prayers in this area has great merits, as the Prophet ﷺ said, “Between my house and my pulpit lies a garden from the gardens of Paradise.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 1137; Saheeh Muslim: 1390)
- Sending greetings of peace to Allah’s messenger ﷺ: One should stand in front of the grave of the Prophet ﷺ, facing the grave with one’s back to the qiblah and says, with all graciousness and in a quiet voice: Assalaamu ‛alayka yaa rasoolallaahi wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu. Ash-hadu annaka qad ballaght-ar-risaalata, wa addayt-al-amaanata, wa nasaht-al-ummata, wa jaahadta fillaahi haqqa jihaadih, fa
A pilgrim visiting Madeenah is highly recommended to visit Qubaa’ Mosque and pray in it, as was the practice of the Prophet ﷺ.
The Prophet ﷺ said in this respect, “No one sends greetings of peace upon me but Allah returns my soul to me so that I may return his greetings.” (Sunan Abu Daawood: 2041)
One then takes one step to the right and sends greetings of peace to Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq , the Prophet’s successor and the best of all his companions.
Then one takes one further step to the right and sends greetings of peace to ‛Umar ibn Al-Khattaab , the second rightly-guided caliph and the best of all the Prophet’s companions after Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq .
It is worth noting here that despite the fact Allah’s Messenger ﷺ is the best of all mankind, he can do neither harm nor good and thus one must not invoke him or seek his help. Instead, one must invoke Allah and direct all forms of worship to Him alone.
- Visiting Qubaa’ Mosque: Qubaa’ Mosque is the first mosque built in Islam; indeed, it was built even before the Prophet ﷺ built his own mosque in Madeenah. Pilgrims visiting Madeenah are highly recommended to visit it, as was the practice of the Prophet ﷺ who once said about it, “Whoever makes ablutions (wudoo’) at home and then goes to Qubaa’ Mosque and prays in it, he will have a reward like that of performing ‛umrah.” (Sunan Ibn Maajah: 1412)